Day 12

The Perfect Sacrifice

from the Hebrews reading plan

Hebrews 10:1-18, Psalm 40:1-17, 1 Peter 2:24

BY Elaine Phillips

When we see a shadow, we know something of substance is connected to it. Our awareness of a shadow compels us to look for the corresponding substantial reality. For the author of Hebrews, the sanctuary and the Torah (the Law) were both shadows that could be traced back to good heavenly realities (Hebrews 8:5, 10:1). 

These images of shadow and substance contribute to the author’s developing claim that there is something radically new happening through Jesus Christ; something still firmly rooted in and connected to Old Testament rituals.

Chapter 10 recaps the carefully detailed descriptions we read yesterday in Hebrews 9. This literary repetition represents what happened in the sanctuary day after heart-wrenching day, as the human priest sprinkled the blood of animal sacrifices on the altar. The messy process was painful and blood-drenched. It caused worshipers to come face-to-face with images of pain and suffering, powerful metaphors for the grim consequences for others of their sins. Even though the repeated process could never do away with the guilty verdict, this visceral reminder was vital. It also pointed forward. 

That all of this had been dealt with once and for all was a stunning new reality to the audience of Hebrews. Writing to an audience wholly steeped in the necessity of the ongoing temple ritual, the author had to repeat this multiple times. It took time to reconfigure their worldview. Yet it was important to clarify that this was not foreign to the Jewish tradition. In Hebrews 10:6–7, the author quotes Psalm 40, words Jesus Christ repeated as well: “I have come to do your will.” Then, in verses 16–17, the author quotes the prophet Jeremiah’s promise of the new covenant. Until this point, the people’s obedience had been the absent ingredient. But in Jesus, our sins are forgiven forever—period. And the encouraging add-on is that He is ever-present in our continuing process of being made holy (Hebrews 10:14).

Post Comments (42)

42 thoughts on "The Perfect Sacrifice"

  1. Susan Lincks says:

    Jesus is beautiful.

  2. Terri Baldwin says:

    He is ever-present in our continuing process of being made holy”

  3. Terri Baldwin says:

    10 And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. – Hebrews 10:10

  4. Mercy says:

    Susan, thank you for sharing. I am so happy to know you felt joy in your heart despite the grief. God is so good.

  5. Brooke Junior says:

    Really enjoyed the commentary on this one

  6. Erin Lewallen says:


  7. Kimberly Z says:

    @susan what a great testimony of your son! Praying hard for you during this time. After my dads attempt to commit suicide five months ago I too often found myself completely shattered yet also feeling extremely grateful. @Jenny Somers praying for your family gets over the sicknesses that keep going around. Stay strong you guys will get through it.

  8. Rhonda J. says:

    Susan- Wow, what an amazing testimony your son left! That is such a comfort in your sadness, imagine all the youth lives he touched/changed!! What a hard and needed ministry, that only someone that has come through it could testify to God’s great love and mercy, and can transform! Continued prayers for you as the coming holidays will be hard, but hopefully, the joy will be there as well!

    Praying for the sickness and covid that keeps running through your family, hope you will be on the upswing soon.

    Our homeless ministry went beautifully tonight, thanks for the prayers!

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