Cain and Abel

Open Your Bible

Genesis 4:1-26, Genesis 5:1-32, Hebrews 12:22-24

My children are currently in a difficult season of discipline. On a daily basis, usually multiple times a day, I dispense consequences for bad behavior, which are then met with responses of total shock and horror.

“I didn’t do anything!”
“I didn’t know!”
“I didn’t hear you!”
“But his face ran into my fist!”

Like generations of children before them—including myself!—my kids are gifted at playing the martyr. Rather than repent and ask forgiveness, they make excuses. And sometimes, they dig in their heels even deeper.

Here in this story of the very first murder, we see where this blame-shifting began. And it all started very innocently. Two competitive brothers—one a farmer, one a shepherd—bring offerings to God. Cain brings the fruits of his soil, and Abel brings fat portions from the firstborn of his flock (Genesis 4:3–4). At first glance, it would appear that each brother brought what he had, but God does not see it this way. God looks with favor on Abel’s offering, but he withholds favor from Cain.


In their commentary on this passage, Tremper Longman and Scot McKnight explain the difference in their gifts: “Cain offered the ordinary and Abel the best, and of course the quality of their offering reflects the condition of their hearts. Abel is enthusiastic about worship, while Cain is basically disinterested.”

Cain is caught doing the bare minimum, but rather than humble himself, admit his spiritual apathy, and ask how he can do better, Cain digs in. He becomes angry. He throws a pity party. He nurses his bitterness until it culminates in murder, and even after all that he continues to play the victim: “My punishment is too great to bear” (v.13).

In these early chapters of Genesis, we are learning about the ways of God, but we are also learning about the ways of sin, and here we observe a major hallmark. Human sin is so utterly broken that it will even deny its brokenness. It will run, hide, make excuses, and lash out before taking responsibility and repenting, and this is an important thing to know about ourselves. When accountability comes our way, even if it comes harshly or imperfectly, our response determines the course of our lives. How we respond to sin sets our feet on one of two paths: back to God, or further away from Him.

But here is what else this story reminds us, and I hope this sets you free: sometimes we are the ones being confronted, but sometimes we are the ones doing the confronting. Sometimes, we bring truth to light and then, just like God does in this story, have to watch as a loved one hardens their heart all the more. This, we must remember, is not about us or our shortcomings or how we could have said it better. It’s about sin, and what it does to the human heart.

Thankfully, we have something that Cain didn’t have: the Holy Spirit. Through the gift of God’s Son, Jesus Christ, we have a helper and an advocate who is ready to work when repentance feels too hard. That is how good God is—even as He asks us to be faithful, He helps us to do it.

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88 thoughts on "Cain and Abel"

  1. Alicia Dyer says:

    This one got me today!! I have had a few months of bad news after bad news and I find myself angry at God and withholding myself and the things He’s blessed me with to share with others. I have allowed my heart to grow cold and this study and devotion today helped me see that. God didn’t do these things to me and He will help me through all of this if I let Him in. I repent of my sin and my pride. In Jesus Name

  2. Erin Jarboe says:

    A solid reminder that we need to do all things with enthusiasm for the Lord.

  3. Valerie De La Puente says:

    Just like when Adam and Eve tried to hide from God in Eden, Cain tried to hide his heart from God with the offerings he brought as worship. God saw what was lacking in Cain and how it was consuming him. I think it serves as a good reminder that although we can fool those around us we can never fool God. He knows our hearts.

  4. Roisin Judd says:

    What stood out to me was that even after God punished Cain, he made sure that he wouldn’t be killed. He still protected him.

    1. Mari Lang says:

      This stood out to me too. He is a loving God. ❤️

  5. Jamie Weaver says:

    This makes me desire accountability

  6. Ms Amy* says:

    I’ve been struggling with making time for God and how blasé I’ve been about sorting it out. And wow, this passage about the state of our heart as a form of worship hits home. Please help me Lord with my first fruits — heart, time, money and everything else. Use me for your glory, amen.

  7. Amesha Brewies says:

    I’ve always sort of thought that God favored Abel more than Cain for no reason..and that it wasn’t fair to Cain. However, when reading it and now realizing that Cain was not offering his best to God, I now understand why God didn’t accept his offerings.

  8. Anja Etwal-Nielsen says:

    That stood out to me too. I absolutely agree with you and interpretet (might not spell that right, please bear with me, I’m Danish). I will try to remember these words – they will help me in my everyday life. Kind of think they are supportive words from God.